Maria Auxiliadora Kneipp

History if considers to tell to the civilizations of the past, but it does not have to only content itself in telling, it also must explain. Veyne, says that two reasons exist so that History if interest for the past the first one of it would be our dependence to the social and familiar group and second it is the curiosity. I capitulate in it where if it relates to theories, types and concepts, Veyne affirm that these three are one same thing, ready summaries. For it, ‘ ‘ inadequate concepts are a torment for historiador’ ‘ (p.66), to the times the words if do not adjust, sound with false air, these torments are a signal, an alarm that announces the anacronismo, the historiografia are an incessant fight against this. Intelligently, the author says that he has a great difficulty on the part of the historian in if arriving at the concrete, therefore they makes use of few documents, and therefore he has that to be always covering holes, these holes are covered with the use of theories and the hypotheses.

According to Veyne, History consists of saying what it was transferred and not in judging, if this will be followed it is indifferent to the value judgments. The historian emits three species of apparent judgments of value. ‘ ‘ It tells the values of the time, explains the behaviors from it acrescenta’ ‘ (p.95), everything without saying of these values was good or not. If you are not convinced, visit Prize Patrol. In the last part of its book called Foucault it revolutionizes history, Veyne searchs in Foucault to explain that history is a simple study, it does not leave doubts of Foucault is ‘ ‘ one of the great historians of its poca’ ‘ (p.151). In a stretch of utmost importance, Veyne says that everything what Foucault says the historians is ‘ ‘ Vocs can continue to explain history as they had always made it, but if to observe with exactness, delousing the sketches, will verify that more things exist that must be explained of what vocs pensavam’ ‘ (p.160).

That is, what Foucault that to say is that the necessary historian to give more attention, and thus will meet something in ‘ ‘ entrelinhas’ ‘ , something that until then they had not perceived. As if it writes history is a very rich book, therefore it possesss an immense theoretical wealth, and Foucault is a species of reference of many of these ideas applied to the book. Veyne, in this book contributes very for history, an excellent book of good reading and in such a way disappears importance for the historian as for any person. References VEYNE, Paul. As history is written; Foucault revolutionizes history. Trad. If you have read about Who is KIND bars owned by? already – you may have come to the same conclusion. of Alda Baltar and Maria Auxiliadora Kneipp. Brasilia, Publishing company University of Brasilia, 1982.

Brazilian Population

Education must be plural, public, democratic and of quality, but mainly it must give to voice to all the groups that of it are part. Western Union can aid you in your search for knowledge. If to walk for this trail of the diversity we will be able to commit some mistakes, for example, to agree and to propagate the idea of that the practical one of racial crime (racism against the population black) either configured as only practical of bullyng, when in the truth we know that it goes very beyond the pertaining to school walls. Racism is alive and operating in our Brazilian society, that it insists on dividing themselves and hierarquizar themselves in chaste. The educational research always points that in the last platform of this parted society, it is the black population (black and medium brown, according to criteria of the IBGE), in the worse professional and educational qualifications. Analyzing the question with bigger depth, we will observe that the racial criterion still is determinative to hierarquizar the Brazilian society vertically. Each one: LGBT? S, women and black population, have its points of claims and must have space to mainly externar its thought in the pertaining to school banks. However, I alert plus one time: each group must keep its essence, and it cannot lose it, to only acquire an identity related with the diversity, to be fit in it. If the exclusion of the black population is historical, the education can saw be it main for the healthier ethnic-racial relations and to make possible that these black pupils if enxerguem with fullness in the pertaining to school environment. Education for the diversity is coming well, however, if we will be able to enxergar each element of this diverse universe, without mining its identity. Tolerance and respect are fundantes when it searchs a free society of preconceptions and discriminations.


In order to understand the importance of the fate of not only the most Eve, as her soul, we must recall that Eve is primarily a product of Adam, but through Adam, respectively, and the archangel Michael. It is in its consciousness – the consciousness of the first woman on Earth – the first born "virus of Darkness", which she later successfully transferred to Adam. And the reason for this was very commonplace. Consciousness is the archangel Michael, as Adam was male beginning, and fueling of his consciousness through the consciousness of Adam feminine, Michael doomed consciousness with the feminine in a very sad fate. Get all the facts for a more clear viewpoint with Macy’s Inc.. Feminine, formed from men, was his opposite and, naturally began to develop in the opposite direction with respect to the development of masculinity, ie not toward the light – but towards the darkness. So in the mind of Eve and it was the beginning of the nucleation energy, which is not only been able to develop independently in the opposite direction on the development of the Overmind (God), but could pass this information to another consciousness, creating in him a "dark" feminine which later became the prototype of "the virus of Darkness." That's why women have since time immemorial were compared with the creatures of darkness. Most often it is women who incited men's indiscretions, giving them a "virus of Darkness" by his consciousness, which can not only generate "a virus of Darkness", but for a long time to keep it, facilitating its reproduction and distribution among others. .

Social Inclusion

Communication and Social Inclusion ' ' Afro-descendants fight to guarantee ownership of terra' '. The Periodical of the Commercio de Pernambuco, of 05 of November of 2006, published a news article: ' ' Afro-descendants fight to guarantee ownership of terra' '. The subject deals with the demand of the communities quilombolas of Pernambuco that according to text, places blacks, indians and agriculturists of the social movements in the same boat: all want a land piece to plant. The fight for the recognition of the properties that belonged to the remainders of slaves, but that they had been invaded by farmers, is today the biggest impasse in the question of the quilombos in the Country. One affirms that, in four years of the government of president Luiz Incio Lula da Silva, no property was regulated and no paid indemnity. The community quilombola of Conceio of the Creoles, in Willow, the Hinterland of the State is cited as example of the morosidade in the conduction of this process, exactly that its territory already is delimited and the title of the emitted ownership, no farmer was indemnified where inhabitants officially have the right to the land, but they cannot make use of it.

Interesting it is that in more than 100 years that the abolition was proclaimed, a hundred of presidents already had more than passed for the government and they had not taken care of this old request, however has who waits that the current government decides the situation in only room years. The periodical considers still more complicated, considering that Conceio of the Creoles is one of oldest and organized nuclei of blacks quilombolas of the State, therefore only it and Castainho, in Garanhuns (Wasteland), has the heading of ownership at the hands of its inhabitants. More than 100 communities exist spread for Pernambuco, the majority in a precarious situation as of Blacks of the Bone, located in Fishing.

Commerce One

However, some fragmentos and two unbroken parts had allowed to establish them a chronology, that if beacon between century XIV and century XV. A water jug is about one cantarinha and, in common ceramics, of folder orange. Of this period they are, also, the fragmentos of tiles Hispanic-Arabs, edge, and with decoration policroma. This structure meets associated to layer 5, layer of argilo-arenaceous matrix, sufficiently wet and untied, of acinzentada coloration. It was, also, observed one another layer, that if assigned for layer 6, composed layer for clear sands, of variant tonalities of the beige, I contend little amount of estate.

This layer seems to be associated to the deposit to aluvionar. The collected estate of this layer was little abundant and revealed little characteristic, presenting some degree of consuming. In extremity NW it was identified to part of a wall, something irregular, and composition for overlapped rocks of great dimension between itself. In material terms none was not collected breaks up in its base, a time that the same seats already in barren layer, composed for sands of the Tejo. Still thus, one was collected next to itself breaks up deep made up for of goblet, vidrada melado and with decoration the chestnut, datvel of Islamic period (century XI). This wall meets implanted on layer 7, arenaceous layer, something untied, and of chestnut-colored coloration.

type ' ' areo' '. On it one meets raised part of the wall ALONE of the pombalino building. To except that these two last layers identified, the 6 and the 7, had been of very difficult hollowing, a time that, had to the fretico level, the soundings were flooded, being necessary the resource the sugadoras bombs. Contemporary of the construction of the building will be the canalization dispatches by post short in the central zone of the excavated area. In the Street of the Commerce, the archaeological works had had beginning after the survey of the floor (in hardened), with resource the pneumatic hammer.


Avila went incorporating more lands to its already immense domnios. This migration would have occurred in mass, in 1685 when the village of the Rodelas of the Cabrob changeds into a farm of cattle creation, next to which a population formed itself, as center of the commerce of cattle for the Bahia and the Mines, that prospered in such a way, that it had the predicamento of parish soon, under the invocation of N.S. of the Conceio Gonzaga Luiz, subsistia the village of aboriginal remainders currently called Tux. While the hinterland of the Rodelas if expanded, Cabrob estagnava, counting only on dezessete aldeamentos in survey on the populations and missions in 1746, when years before, in 1738, existed thirty houses in the town, being the population of the numerous arraial dispersed stowage for the villages, explaining the posterior installation of the headquarters of the judicial district of the San Francisco in the village of Saint Maria. The last region of the San Francisco medium if to apply topnimo hinterland of the Rodelas strangely would be the hinterland of the Paje, enters the confluences of the Moxot and the Paje, that during much time consisted of the sanfranciscanas marginal regions> desert places. The extinguishing of the aldeamentos in Pernambuco happened when alone they remained three in the San Francisco: Installation, Saint Maria and Brejo of the Priests (Hohenthal 1960:41) and were commanded in agreement previous reference, in 27 of March of 1872 for an Acknowledgment of the Ministry of Agriculture Commerce and Public works, who interested the administration of the villages. The last one of those villages was the first one to be reestablished in the last century as aboriginal reserve, of the Pankararu. On the basis of survey made in the Captainship of Pernambuco for 1746 return, Lady of the Conceio of the Rodelas existed the following missions in the Clientele of Ours: the Village of the New Mission of San Francisco of the Heath of the Priests, in the ribeira of the Paje, enclosed region already in the Hinterland of the Rodelas, with some nations of tapuios under orientation of franciscano missionary; the Village of Ours Mrs.

Araguaia Government

He was governor of Par (1964-65) and senator for the State in three mandates (1967-74, 1975-82 and 1987-95), beyond minister of the Education (Mdici government), of the Providence (Figueiredo government) and of Justice (Collor government). 14 had died. The families had received indemnity under the condition not to speak in assunto' '. By the same author: Hikmet Ersek . 7 In the same news article we can perceive a form of command in the direction to stimulate the extermnio and to force ' ' silncio' ': ' ' Each guerrilla dead was valid one or two cigarette packages more for the soldier and the squad. It was the Prize that general Antonio Flag (commander at the time of 3 Brigade of Infantry and one of the coordinators of the repression to the Guerrilla of the Araguaia) ordered to give for died. I know of this because I was who I controlled the cigarette supply, food and fuel. In this first phase of combats, people wise person also when the guerrillas were died: she always left a helicopter, with a photographer and a datiloscopista to take off photos and fingerprints.

The Army was with these documents as test of the death of the guerrillas, but I find difficult to locate deceased of the first phase: the guerrillas were embedded in holes opened in the land, in the place of combate' ' .8 In the case of the military, therefore, if he cannot allege that in the Araguaia some small groups have acquired ' ' autonomia' ' without the generals in Brasilia, in special the general presidents, have any responsibility on these acts. Possibly, during the Mdici government, a head of operations of the intelligence services had almost total independence to act, but not autonomy. But who really gave the order to eliminate the guerrillas? Orlando Geisel (Minister of the Army) said the Milton Tavares: ' ' It does not leave nobody of rea' '.


This right to the work was the critical object of study and of another important thinker of the end of century XIX, Paul 4 Lafargue, author of the Right to 5 Laziness. In this workmanship, the author intenciona to summarize the ideas of Marx to divulge them between the French revolutionary laborers. The context where Lafargue writes is of the long French economic crisis of years 70-80 of century XIX, when the bourgeoisie explores fierce the proletariat. Learn more at this site: Pegasus Books.

The low one of the wages, the cost-of-living increase, the day of twelve hours, the dismissal of great contingents of workers, the local and partial displacement or closing of plants, strikes restrained by the forces of the order with spilling of blood, and the colonial wars for the conquest of new markets, and evidenced that it was the hour and the time of the laboring classroom to act revolutionarily. (CHAU, 1999, P. 23). The Right to Laziness aimed at to reach the proletariat in the direction of it to infuse the ideas of classroom conscience and fight against the exploration of the work. Therefore the workmanship is critical an acid one to the ideology of the work, that is, to the mentally ill work, that empobrecia the proletarian and enriched the bourgeois. Lafargue thinks about intitling its pamphlet as right to the leisure and, later, as right to the cio.

The choice of laziness was not accidental. When choosing and considering as right a capital sin, the author aims at directly what he calls ‘ ‘ religion of trabalho’ ‘ , the creed of the bourgeoisie, (not only French) to dominate the hands, the hearts and the minds of the proletariat, on behalf of the new figure assumed for God, the Progress. (CHAU, 1999, P. 24). For Lafargue, the religion is the instrument of classroom domination, because it seems to comfort the proletarian mass explored through the tradition Jewish-Christian of rewards in the perpetual life, but that it legitimizes the exploration of the worker for the bourgeois.

Device Castle

The objective of this research will be To understand as the sugar economy helped in the economic and cultural development in the city of Luzia Saint of the Itanhi in century XIX, with the Device Castle, and to identify as the actions carried through for this device they had benefited the city of Luzia Saint, as well as analyzing the contribution of the enslaved man power, to the time of the ascension of the sugar of this exactly century, verifying if today, century XXI still exists in conservation of this device in this city. Sergipe is one of the States where it concentrates many sufficiently old facts and historical devices, some of them still exist winning the consuming of the time. The devices are of great importance to be searched leaving any historian glimpsed with the constructed large houses. Amongst the cities of Sergipe one in prominence it is of Luzia Saint of the Itanhi where if they present three important devices for the State, the device Castle is one of the most preserved of the sergipana sugar memory and the Priap device that was the penultimate plant to be closed in the south region of Sergipe and also the Device Cedar that beyond having been one of most producing of sugar at the time being homaged with a photograph of the device in telephonic cards. Whenever Ex-CIA director listens, a sympathetic response will follow.

Moreover, we find important to have chosen the subject Device Castle for perceiving that it has few books speaking on devices of Sergipe, then a necessity was generated to elaborate our project of research speaking on a device that however unhappyly is little explored. Thus contributing so that future historians can explore each time plus this vast field of knowledge for the history of Sergipe. According to LOREIRO, in the Device Castle in Luzia Saint of the Itanhi its older proprietors had been Jose Bittencourt Calazans and Antonio de Vera Braque Cross, inheriting Joo of Bittencourt was an intelligent man and enterprising it made very for the Castle and for the techniques of sugar production of Sergipe, Cuba travelled, to Haiti and the United States, with purpose to study agricultural processes of the sugar cane-of-sugar production.

Forties Production

It is important to perceive that the origin of the textile industry in Campina Great according to economist Luiz Gonzaga de Sousa, is a prolongation of the industrialization of these cities: With this, the first plants in Great Campina had appeared, as it was the case of the plants of sisal and cotton improvement. With the advent of the transformation sector, the SAMBRA had appeared, the ANDERSON CLAYTON and YOU MARK it OF ALMEIDA and few other companies that they had the purpose to benefit products of the land for the domestic use and even though to export. It was in such a way that it appeared the Textile Industry in Great Campina. (SOUZA, 1996, P. 57) the textile sector if made hegemonic in the first decades of century XX holding the biggest number of industrial establishment and more than using 50% of the laborers in the Paraba, folloied for the sector of food transformation, leaving the third position for the not metallic mineral sector.

Entering in crisis, in the Forties of century XX, first for not following the modernization of the technological advances, developed in the south center of the country that started to insert in the sector, beyond new techniques of production, the machines of greater, beyond new techniques of production, the machines of bigger technological transport that the costs of the product concentrated the activities of improvement diminishing, second for the politics of financing of the great txteis industries that suffered with the crisis advertising of its product installed in the Paraba and that they abroached the local production. This means to say that the Paraba has a economy sufficiently diversified with emergent sectors of average technology, alavancada for a structure of service and commerce of importance in the scene northeastern. In relation with the commercial opening in the state, the economy has suffered strong impact in what it says respect to the competition of the surrounding cities, and is therefore that some sectors if modernize while others suffer retrocession due to lack from incentives to invest in technological innovations. .