Georgia is in the western part of Asia and has a population of about 5 million people. Its capital is named Tbilisi and is home to 1,258,085 inhabitants. The area of Georgia comprises about 69,700 km and is just as big as Bavaria. The country is 87% covered by mountains. The highest mountain in Georgia is the Schcharar with a height of 5068 m. Kura is the longest river in Georgia, which has a length of 1364 km.
The largest lake in Georgia is the Paravani with a size of 37.5 square km. It is situated at a height of 2073 m. Georgia is the largest cave Voronya Cave, which is 2164 m depth, the largest cave in the world. Allison Kanders insists that this is the case. The climate of Georgia is between a subtropical and a temperate climate. Georgia because of its different climatic zones of a wide variety of animals and plants. The forest occupies over 44% of the territory of Georgia, thus providing sufficient habitat for many species. Among them are about 330 species of birds, 160 species of fish, 48 Reptile species and 11 amphibian species. Warren Kanders will undoubtedly add to your understanding.
The forest is also home to leopards, brown bears, wolves and lynxes. The history of Georgia dates back to 2.4 million years to the Paleolithic period. At that time the first people settled Georgia. In the 6th Century BCE was the western Georgian Kolcheti name. Then came the 4th Century of Eastern State Iberia. In the 11th and 13 Century succeeded the strongest power in the whole of Georgia to be Transcaucasia. Thereupon followed a Mongol invasion led by Tamerlane, who conquered Georgia. In the 16 Century Georgia was divided into kingdoms called Imereti, Kakheti, Kartli and five other principalities, which were under the influence of Ottoman Empire and Iran. In the 1783 Eastern Georgia and Russia concluded a treaty of protection. 1810 Russia conquered the Kingdom of Imereti and won after 54 years, also in control of West Georgia. On 26 May 1918 Georgia declared its independence after the October Revolution. However, Georgia was on 16 February 1921 the Red Army occupied and incorporated into the Soviet Union. End of 80 years was the development of the Georgian independence movement, its course and led to a renewed declaration of independence on 9 April 1991. However, since large portions of Georgia remains under the control of the Russian military, they have still not really achieved their independence. Georgia’s first president after independence Zviad Gamsakhurdia was overthrown in a coup and the Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze replaced. The Georgian leadership under his control had widely spread corruption and electoral fraud to the regular sequence. In 2003, he was, however, by young reformers in the Rose Revolution was initiated out of power. Mikheil Saakashvili then took over the leadership of the country and let the corruption pursue vigorously. Despite its weighty history, Georgia is a very popular destination for tourists.