Metropolitan Daniel

Covered hut torch, which inserted in a crevice or metal baking Svetets. In wealthy bred tallow candles with candlesticks, wooden or metal, which stood on the tables. Sometimes met silver "candlesticks", the same candlesticks, lamps, or with vegetable oil. Princes, nobles, merchants, went in long, ankle-length dresses with embroidery and precious stones, the poor – in a simple shirt with belt, short dress – made of homespun cloth, bleached canvas. In winter, the common people was of a bear fur coat ("netut trouble walking and even in Medvedin," according to Niphont, Bishop of Novgorod), his shoes – sandals from the bast. Rich – coats of expensive furs, sheaths opashni, odnoryadki for men, and those fur coats and opashni and Cortelyou, annuals, telogrei-women, all of it – from foreign satin, velvet, damask, cloth, decorated them sables, stones, pearls. By rich clothes and fed monks addiction.

In one last will and testament (1479) spoke of their "Life of the unrighteous," forbidden "or the German card is, or with down coats is." Metropolitan Daniel (first half of XVI century). Rebukes the young nobles, who cut their hair short, shaved or pluck mustache and beard, painted cheeks and lips, as women, and thus violate the customs of Russian antiquity. However – with clothes and shoes, too, in his view, luxury and also inconvenient (from the red boots, very tight, showing off those have to "endure great hardship.") Under the clothes they enclose a piece of wood so as to appear taller. A woman steps over whitewashed and painted face, "black eyes", her eyebrows plucked and paste others' vyspr (up) vozvodyasche "; head under ubrusom give (placing the appropriate hair) round shape. The common people ate mainly rye bread, the rich – from wheat.

Ate millet (millet), peas, oats (porridge made from them, jelly), vegetable – cabbage, turnips, carrots, cucumbers, radishes, beets, onions, garlic, etc. The meat was more to the rich man's table, the poor – the fish. Were used dairy products, vegetable and animal oil. Salt was expensive. Home produced beverages – kvass, beer, honey. How sweet, "for snacks," ate apples, pears, cherries, plums, currants, hazelnuts. The rich, nobles ate more varied and plentiful. Besides, what is called above, you can add the game, rare in the diet poor; it – cranes, geese, quail, swans. Among the dishes great princes of Moscow refers to the "swan", "goose" dishes. The same Metropolitan Daniel speaks of "the manifold meals," "sweet snyadyah" the rich people "Cunning" (skills) of their chefs. At feasts, in addition to its drinks, wine savored the rich "overseas".