Religious education in Brazil the ER in Brazil passed for great changes since the empire until the present. It is good for remembering that the Constitution was promulgated in 1988, but the history of Brazil starts well before. During Brazil Colony (1500-1800) Ensino with the objective was developed Religious to expand the official religion. One gave to beginning the evangelizao of the aboriginals and catequese of the blacks. Such religious action brought adhesion in mass to the Christianity in Brazil, this action exhaustingly was used by the emperor since in this way it withheld the power politician and spiritual; everything as a done alliance between the Portuguese state and the Church Catholic. The announcement of the republic brought great changes for religious education the Federal Constitution with the expression of article 72, paragraph 6 says: ' ' He will be lay the education given in the public buildings, ' '. Exactly with the new law in vigor, the ER if kept fidiciary office to the principles of the Church Catholic, this generated great controversy, the Bishops catholics tried to explain to the excessively leader religious ones who ' ' education leigo' ' he is not the same that ' ' ateu' '.
In the following years the Church Catholic, takes position and defends the education of the religion as resulted of the religious freedom and freedom of conscience. Only through the Decree of 30 of April of 1931, article 153, namely: ' ' Religious education will be of school registration facultative and given in accordance with the principles of the religious confession of the pupil, revealed for the responsible parents and will constitute substance of the schedules in primary the public schools, secondary professionals normais' ' Other people’s all this controversy, the education was interested basically in the professional and military formation. With this, religious education loses thus its character of obligatoriness, and it does not demand obligator presence of the pupils.