Furniture – (French meuble, from Latin mobilis – mobile, easy to move), one of the main equipment room, as well as gardens, parks and streets: (chairs, tables, cabinets, beds, sofas, benches, etc.) divided by the consumer (at home) and furniture public buildings (schools, nurseries, gardens, offices, theaters, cafes). Furniture has many subspecies (eg, tables are divided into dinner, cooking, writing, etc.). Combining multiple functions into one product achieved a constructive transformation or blocking of certain subjects. By its design and technological features furniture is divided into a mobile, embedded, mounted and wall, the nonseparable and collapsible. Furniture classified as a rigid, soft and semi-soft.
Not only surviving in isolated cases, items of furniture, but also their beautiful images and references in the texts show that in ancient times knew all major types of furniture. Including chair, desk and chest, which later turned into a closet. In ancient times knew how richly decorated furniture inlay. Dogrecheskie culture (VI millennium BC) – and Mesopotamia – knew benches, tripod stools, chairs, various types of tables, couches, chests. Materials (for example, for a luxurious Egyptian furniture, being bound in precious metals and decorated with faience and glass) were different wood, cane, palm leaves, tendons, skin, etc. Easy to form (in today's sense), a practical and attractive furniture is in antiquity (ancient Greece and Rome).
For the later production of European furniture general Greco-Roman art was a powerful source of inspiration and emulation (Renaissance, Classicism). Ancient artists were masters in regard to a combination of simplicity, elegance, realism, elegant lines and comfort, have developed a classic furniture forms that served as a model for subsequent styles. Particularly interesting from this perspective study of the history of furniture, because it is the result of human activities of different historical periods and can tell a lot about each period in the history of cultural development. Furniture is used to meet human needs and those needs, in turn, lead to changes in its shape. The shape of furniture shows its direct purpose, material and decoration – for any social class, it was made, according to some structural features can draw conclusions about the time and place of manufacture of furniture.